Engineering Talk - DCS's Blog on Quality and Engineering

Webinar Tomorrow - Iterative and Conditional Logic in Statistical Tolerance Analysis

Iterative and Conditional Logic, Iteration Move and Mechanical 

Understanding how to create, use and apply iterative and conditional logic in statistical tolerance analysis. 

DCS is hosting a webinar on the use and application of Iteration Move, Iterative and Conditional Logic and Mechanical Moves tomorrow, Thursday December 13th at 11 am EST. As part of the Digital GD&T Series, all current registrants will have access to the webinar and recording. 

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX Webinar CATIA V6 Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA

3 Tools to Tackle Tough Tolerance Negotiations - Using Data to Support Tolerance Changes

3 Tools to Support Tough Tolerance Negotiations 

DCS Solutions offer a number of tools to support your tolerance discussions with customers. 

Tolerance Negotiations are never easy. Customers will try to hold their suppliers to difficult or over-engineered tolerances, or simply don't know that certain tolerances can be opened without affecting the assembly quality, or need to be opened (increased) in order to keep costs reasonable. 

DCS provides 3 tools to support tolerance negotiation by using data to back up tolerance change requests: 

1. Tolerance Negotiator -- QDM Analyst Tool

2. 3DCS Variation Analyst Simulation Results

3. QDM Management Reports 


1. Tolerance Negotiator - QDM Analyst Tool 

How do I get it?

Tolerance Negotiator is built into the base QDM Analyst software, without the need for add-ons or additional purchases. If you have QDM Analyst, the standalone QDM template maker software, you have Tolerance Negotiator. 

Using Tolerance Negotiator

Tolerance Negotiator is under the Tools tab of QDM Analyst. 

After clicking Tolerance Negotiator, a table with all of the imported data measurements is generated.

Two types of data are usually used in Tolerance Negotiator.

Plant and Measured Data can be imported from any inspection device and used to demonstrate production tolerances and metrics. Suppliers use the first 30 parts in a production line, or prototype measurements to demonstrate measured values and whether they are meeting or failing to meet statistical objectives (Pp or Cp). 

Simulation data from an analysis tool can also be used before production. As a DCS Software, QDM is already configured to utilize 3DCS data. Importing 3DCS simulation results can show the risk of failure for given objectives. 

Tolerance Negotiator gives two sets of values:

1. Tolerance changes required to meet given Cp / Pp objectives

2. How Tolerance changes affect Cp and Pp 

This lets the user change tolerances, values and objectives and instantly see the results. For example, if your customer gave a required Pp of 1.33, you can show which tolerances in the provided design can actually meet that objective. With 3DCS, you can demonstrate how 3D stack ups affect those tolerances and further determine the final Pp or Cp values, and may affect the final range of variation. 

Tolerance Negotiator Demonstration

The video below demonstrates how the use of Tolerance Negotiator:


2. 3DCS Variation Analyst Simulation Results

3DCS Variation Analyst simulates assembly builds across a normal distribution (default) using Monte Carlo Simulation. Incorporating part tolerances and assembly processes, 3DCS provides outputs of simulated measurements that include the 3 dimensional variation stack of all parts and processes in the model. 

The results are the measured results of hundreds or thousands of virtual product builds compiled and analyzed statistically. Beneath the simulation results are the sensitivity results, which include the largest contributing tolerances to the given measure. 

In the simulation results window, upper and lower specification limits can be dragged to adjust and see the statistical outputs, Cp and Pp, change accordingly. It also demonstrates the expected failure rate for each given measurement with its given specification limits. This information can be valuable in showing the risk of build failure for each feature based on current design specifications, and how changes can affect either the Cp/Pp or the risk of failure. Adjusting a tolerance and re-running the analysis can show the change to the simulation results and whether an adjustment will positively or negatively affect the model outputs. 

Here is a video example of one method of how 3DCS simulation results can be used for tolerance negotiation: 


3. QDM Management Reports

QDM Management Reports are an effective way to present results to managers and business leaders. They summarize and display simulation or production results, giving visual context and information to make it easy to understand the content. 

Within the reports, as part of tolerance negotiation, a user can set specification limits or pass/fail criteria and color coding to show whether given measurements passed or failed inspection. 

This is a good way to show simulation results from 3DCS or production data in QDM and whether those simulation results will meet quality expectations. It can be helpful for pointing out trouble areas and leading into a tolerance negotiation on resolutions for those given measurements and tolerances. 

Learn more about Tolerance Negotiation and Supplier Quality with Supplier Quality for Suppliers Webinar - FREE On-Demand 

Click to View the Webinar

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX QDM Webinar CATIA V6 SPC Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA

How to Simulate Material Thickness in 3DCS Tolerance Analysis

 How to Better Treat Thickness Tolerances in Sheet-Like Materials

We encounter many situations where there is a form tolerance on a primary surface and then the other side of the part has a thickness allowance. Often implicitly it is assumed to have the same form or a very local refinement. (i.e. stamped sheet metal, composite lay-ups)There are many situations in both aerospace and automotive I would think where sheet of material is stamped and parts are indexed to both sides and sheet metal is accepted using a spec tolerance. 

One method used in the past has been to use ghost parts but it seems like there should be an easier way. What am i missing?

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX Webinar CATIA V6 Tolerance Analysis T&T 3DCS CATIA

CAD Joints and Constraints - How to Use CATIA, NX and CREO Joints and Constraints in 3DCS Tolerance Analysis

Mechanical Modeler Add-on Expands 3DCS to Support Kinematic Joints and Constraints

Extracting Joints and Constraints from CAD can make model creation easy. With embedded GD&T (PMI, FTA) tolerancing your model and Joints and Constraints brought in as 3DCS Moves, a user only has to create Measurements to complete their Tolerance Analysis Model. 

Mechanical Modeler is an inexpensive add-on for all versions of 3DCS Variation Analyst Software

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX Webinar CATIA V6 Tolerance Analysis CATIA 3DCS

Constraints in 3DCS - How to Use CAD Constraints in 3DCS Tolerance Analysis



This tutorial will cover  Fixed Constraints and  Fix Together Constraints to illustrate common constraints you can expect to use. The Fixed Constraint holds all of the parts in the Move Parts list in their current location and orientation. Any moves that list one of the parts as the "object" will force the "target" part to move instead. The Fix Together Constraint holds all of the parts in the Move Parts list perfectly rigid relative to one another. If one of the parts is moved then the other parts will move with it. Additional constraints include Coincidence, Contact, Offset, and Angle.

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX Webinar CATIA V6 Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA

Joints in 3DCS - How to Use CAD Joints in 3DCS Tolerance Analysis

This tutorial will cover Revolute Joints and Cylindrical Joints to illustrate common joints you can expect to use. The Revolute Joint move locates two axes to one another controlling four DoFs (degrees of freedom) and uses a pair of plane constraints to control a fifth, translation, DoF. The Cylindrical Joint move locates two axes to one another controlling four DoFs. Additional joints include Prismatic, Spherical, and Planar.

Topics: PTC Creo Siemens NX 3DCS Creo CATIA V6 Webinar Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA

How to Design and Optimize Datums in 3DCS Tolerance Analysis Software

Datum Design and Optimization in 3DCS Tolerance Analysis Software

Datum design and optimization is the most important step in any assembly quality control process which can be simplified by evaluating the geometric factors and concerned variations.

DCS has already covered creating Datums in the CAD platforms - CATIA, NX and CREO, but what about verifying those Datums and optimizing them? 

Topics: 3DCS Creo Siemens NX PTC Creo DE Focus Tolerance Analysis CATIA 3DCS

How to Create Datums in CATIA V5, CREO and NX Using PMI and FTA

See How to Create Datums in CATIA, CREO and NX Using PMI and FTA Callouts

Datums are essential to your Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T) in CAD, as they determine the reference points from which all information is based. 

When creating GD&T in CAD, it is important to set your Datums first. They determine the reference points for your other callouts. Different CAD systems have tools to help you create Datums, but understanding where they should be created often requires some experience with GD&T. CAD systems have progressed, but their GD&T creation tools for creating PMI and FTA still require the user to make determinations that are not corrected or checked by the system. The following clips from the DCS Digital GD&T Webinar Series help show how to create Datums in the CAD system, and offer tips and advice on creating Datums that can help you dodge common mistakes. 

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX Webinar Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA

Model Variants - New for 3DCS Tolerance Analysis! Create Different Tolerance, Assembly and Tooling Configurations in One Model

New For 3DCS Tolerance Analysis Software - Model Variants

The Upcoming Version 7.6 of 3DCS offers the ability to create Model Variants - Different configurations of Moves, Tolerances and Tooling in the same model to test and validate processes. 

In design, different methods of assembly, tolerance schemes, and tooling / fixturing need to be considered. Oftentimes, on the same model, there are a plethora of assembly processes that can be used to achieve the same end result. Some of these processes cost more, some are more complicated and some require special skills. The question Designers and Engineers ask when designing their product is; which process and what tolerance should I use?

Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Webinar Siemens NX CATIA V6 FEA Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA

Digital GD&T Webinars Part 2 and 3 Now Available On-Demand


Topics: PTC Creo 3DCS Creo Siemens NX QDM Webinar CATIA V6 SPC Tolerance Analysis 3DCS CATIA